Anderson Glacier

Anderson Glacier - Canadian Glacier Inventory Project
Anderson Glacier (Clarke & Holdsworth 2002)

Location:
Anderson Glacier originates in the Yukon, southwest of Mount Craig. The glacier flows into Alaska where it merges with Chitina Glacier. Anderson Glacier is located at: 610546N 1410545W (USGS, 2007).

History:

  • 1912: The International Boundary Commission surveyors who set the Yukon-Alaska boarder, named this glacier after Chandler Parsons Anderson. (Clarke & Holdsworth, 2002)

  • 1968: A series of glacial surges begin which eventually override the terminus of Chitina Glacier (Clarke & Holdsworth, 2002).

  • 1978: A 1 to 1.5km section of ice-cored moraine is believed to bridge the Anderson-Chitina Logan-Walsh glaciers. Multiple satellite images allow researchers identify the connection, leading researches to believe that these glaciers are in a dormant phase (Clarke & Holdsworth, 2002).


  • 1980: Landsat images from 1974-1980 show Anderson Glacier continuing to override the terminus of Chitina Glacier as a result of another surge (Clarke & Holdsworth, 2002).

Glacier Behaviour: Anderson Glacier is classified as a surging glacier (Clarke & Holdsworth, 2002).

Glacier Characteristics:
A medial morraine can be seen as a result of Anderson Glacier merging with Chitina Glacier. Four tributaries feed into the main glacier.

Type:
Piedmont valley glacier (Clarke & Holdsworth, 2002).

Length:
40km (Clarke & Holdsworth, 2002)

Thermal Regime:
Subpolar (Clarke & Holdsworth, 2002)


References:
Clarke, G. K. C. & Holdsworth, G. 2002. Glaciers of the St. Elias Mountains. United States Geologic Survey. Available at: http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/p1386j/stelias/stelias-lores.pdf. (Accessed on 05-03-07).

United States Geological Survey. 2007. Anderson Glacier. Available at: http://geonames.usgs.gov/. (Accessed on 03-05-07).

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